Raid 8: 29th April 1942 (Baedeker Raid)

CITY of YORK.

Civil Defence.

Air Raid – 29th April 1942. Report on operations to date.

General.

The turn out of personnel of all services was satisfactory, and no report of insufficiency has been received. Reports also indicate excellent work in dealing with casualties. Mutual aid was available before our own resources were exhausted.

Incidents.

65 H.E. bombs fell and practically all did damage to a greater or lesser degree.

24 U.X.B’s reported on Buff Form covering 8 exploded, 6 dealt with or to be dealt with, and 10 false reports.

14 clusters of incendiary bombs fell.

Casualties. (Within the City.)

Civilian

Male.

Female.

Children.

Total.

Dead.

23

39

8

70.

Seriously injured.

42

43

7

92.

Slightly injured.

68

41

4

113.

C.D. Personnel.

Dead

4

4.

Seriously Injured

1

1.

(Within the Flaxton R.D.C Area.)

Civilian

Male.

Female.

Children.

Total.

Dead.

2

7

5

14.

Seriously injured.

3

3

6.

Slightly injured.

1

1.


Ambulance Service.

Within a few minutes of bombs dropping the vehicles were ready for action. There was no panic although bombs were falling. All “off duty” drivers and attendants reported for duty and the standard of efficiency displayed in bandaging, care of the wounded and transport was very high.

Transport.

All vehicles owned by the Emergency Committee were in commission, and those utilised (approximately 90%) turned out promptly without break-down of any description.

Several vehicles were slightly damaged at incidents, but necessary repairs were carried out without delay.

The Mobile break-down crane did useful work in facilitating quick removal of heavy debris.

All demands for transport made to the Sub-District Manager (Ministry of Transport) were met without delay.

None of the six petrol stations rented by the committee were damaged and two were opened immediately raiding ceased.

First Aid Posts.

Acomb.

9 casualties.

No difficulties.

City Infirmary.

7 casualties.

12 stretcher cases referred to City Gen. Hos.

Rougier Street.

45 casualties.

No difficulties.

Hungate.

1 casualty.

No difficulties.

Clifton F.A. Point

22 casualties.

personnel carried on with windows blown out and water heater damaged.

Dringhouses. F.A.P.

No casualties.

First Aid Parties.

Excellent work. Every casualty living when located was extricated alive. Corpses were correctly labelled in practically every case. Priority of despatch to Hospital or First Aid Post according to urgency of treatment was observed.

The First Aid Treatment by Wardens deserved commendation.

Rescue.

Only two incidents still operating, with one A.T.S. girl to be accounted for at one incident and one Sister at Convent in the other.

Rescue parties functioned to the fullest extent and the results are as follows, excluding the above –

37 Rescued alive.

50 Recovered dead.

Mortuary.

This unpleasant task was carried through in a most satisfactory manner. The work was a great physical strain but the staff under the able direction of the Superintendent dealt with the situation most efficiently.

Control.

The Control and Telephone Room Staff acted up to the best traditions of service and there was no panic when they realised the serious situation in which they were placed prior to evacuation which was carried out without mishap.

I desire to record my thanks to the Lord Mayor for kndly allowing us to use the Mansion House as the use of the Alternative Control was out of the question.

A.R.P. Officer.

The Guildhall,

YORK

4th May 1942.

CITY of YORK

CIVIL DEFENCE

Air Raid, April 29th. 1942.

Special Report re Communications.

Up to 3.30. a.m. no special difficulty had been experienced in contacting services by telephone, but practically all lines were dead within a few minutes of this time.

The Despatch Riders and messengers were then the only means of maintaining communication with the services and I desire to pay special tribute to the willingness and expedition with which they accepted every task put before them.

Without exception they overcame many difficulties in the face of considerable personal risk.

Having regard to the fact that they had previously been Fire-fighting in an endeavour to assist the regular Fire-watchers in controlling the Guildhall fire, I think their work deserves the highest commendation.

I record my appreciation of the help given by Col. Grime in running a line from the Mansion House to Foss Islands, which was in operation by daybreak.

CITY of YORK

CIVIL DEFENCE

Air Raid Damage, 29th April, 1942 (02.40 hours)

List of Incidents in Raid of 29th April, 1942.

(Excluding Railway Property and U.X.B.)

Bootham & Clifton Area.

Location.

Type.

Remarks.

21 Baker St. York

I.B.

Fire.

Jct. of Rose St. & Wiggington Road.

H.E.

Damage.

Bootham Crescent

I.B. & H.E.

Fire, Damage, exposed Cable.

Queen Anne’s Road, Sycamore Ter. St. Peter’s School, Welwyn Flats, 16 Burton Lane

I.B.
H.E.(3)

Extensive damage; Fire; Gas main on fire.

The Avenue, Clifton.

I.B.

Fire.

Rowntree Ave.

H.E.(2)

Damage.

46 Bootham.

H.E.

People trapped.

Pickering Terr.

H.E.
I.B.

People trapped.
Gas main damaged.

47/49 Westminster Road.

H.E.

People trapped

70 Clifton.

I.B.

Fire damage.

Bootham Square.

H.E.

House demolished.

Jct. Avenue Terr – Ave. Rd.

H.E./I.B.

Damage.

Rear of Queen Anne’s School.

H.E.5.

Direct hit on shelter etc.

Annexe St. Peter’s School.

I.B.

Damage.

16/18 Westminster Road

H.E./I.B.

3 houses demolished.

St. Peter’s Football Ground.

H.E.

No damage.

Haverford” Water End.

H.E.

Damage.

River Bank at outfall of Bur Dyke (rear of St. Peters)

H.E.

No damage.

North Parade Flats.

I.B.

Burnt out.

Greencliffe Gardens rear Westminster Rd.

I.B.

Clifton Ings.

I.B.

Guildhall Area

Location.

Type.

Remarks.

Blake St.

H.E.

Damage.

St. Martin’s Church & Herald Off.

H.E. & I.B.

Damage.

Leopard Arcade, Coney St.

H.E./I.B.

Burnt out.

Guildhall.

I.B.

Burnt out.

Duncombe Place, Records Office.

I.B.

Fire.

North St. Rowntree’s old warehouse.

I.B.

Burnt out.

Railway Station entrance.

H.E./I.B.

King’s Manor

I.B.

Fire.

Exhibition Bdgs.

H.E./I.B.

Fire.

Rest Garden Station Road.

H.E.

Museum Gardens.

I.B.

Scarcroft Area.

Location.

Type.

Remarks.

Micklegate.

Flare

case originally reported as U.X.B.

Convent Nunnery Lane.

H.E.

People trapped.

Nunthorpe Crescent

H.E.

2 houses wrecked.
People trapped.

23/25 Nunthorpe Grove.

H.E.

People trapped.
Water main burst.

Jct. Nunthorpe Rd. & Price St.

H.E.

Damage.

45 Nunthorpe Gr.

H.E.

South Bank Ave.

H.E.

Fulford Area.

Location.

Type.

Remarks.

Crosslands Gr. Grants Ave.

(4) H.E./I.B.

Fire & damaged gas main.

Cavalry Barracks

H.E. (4)

Acomb Area.

Location.

Type.

Remarks.

Jct. Hamilton Dr./Collingwood Ave, and School Sports Field.

H.E (2)

Damage.

Hudson’s Joiners’ Shop, Front St.

H.E.

Damage.

Beckfield Lane opp. “Tor Garth”

H.E.(4)

Slight Damage.

Beans Field, Low Poppleton Lane.

H.E.(2)

No damage.

Sugar Beet Factory Allotments.

H.E.(3)

No damage.

Poppleton Area.

Location.

Type.

Remarks.

45 Plantation Drive

H.E.

Fire. Water main damaged.

Lavender Grove.

H.E./I.B.

Poppleton Rd. School

H.E.

Direct hit.

Chatsworth Terr.

H.E.

Amberley St.

H.E.

York disused Reservoir, Poppleton Rd.

H.E.

Between Malvern Ave./Manor Dr.

H.E.

Leeman Rd. Area.

Location.

Type.

Remarks.

North Eastern Cres. Leeman Road.

I.B.

Jct. Hanover St/Albany St.

H.E.

Jct. Stamford St./Walworth St.

H.E.

Garnett Terr., front & rear

H.E.(3)

Garfield Terr.

I.B.

Many fires.

Jct. Leeman Rd/Carlton St.

H.E.

Dukes Laundry, Leeman Rd.

I.B.

Burnt out.

Bungalows near Water Tower Road.

I.B.

Burnt out.

Jct. Chudleigh Rd./Livingstone St.

H.E.

Damage.

Clifton Ings

H.E. (2)

No damage.

Field rear of Berkeley Terr/Winchester Ave.

H.E

No damage.

Coal Depot, Leeman Road.

H.E.

No damage.

Tang Hall Area.

Location.

Type.

Remarks.

Mansfield St. Foss Islands Rd.

H.E.

People trapped.

Temple Villas.

I.B.

Osbaldwick Lane.

I.B.

Alcuin Ave.

I.B.

Tuke Ave.

I.B.

Lang Ave.

I.B.

Ingleborough Ave.

I.B.

View the York Baedeker Raid in Google Earth (york_baedeker_raids.kmz)

Google Map of the air raid of 29th April 1942

Key to symbols:

High Explosive High Explosive
Incendiary Device Incendiary
Unexploded Bomb Unexploded Bomb (U.X.B)
Casualties Casualties
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5 Responses to “Raid 8: 29th April 1942 (Baedeker Raid)”

  1. A. J. Parkin Says:

    Why is there no mention of damage done to the building of 5 North Parade during the air raid of April 1942 ??????and close by buildings. The roof of this building was badly damaged

    • gm3dmo Says:

      The report was written at the end of the war. It is typed here verbatim. The original can be viewed in the reference section of York Library. All I have added are the google maps showing the locations mentioned in the report and links to the pictures. As to why a particular address is not included, I guess that it could have been overlooked or not considered significant at the time. In there city archive are many damage reports from properties so 5 North Parade might well be mentioned in those.

  2. Pete Says:

    Hi, great work on the maps! Could you tell us where you got the data point for the Scott Street bomb? We know it was bombed and it’s on your map, but Scott Street isn’t named in the report and we’re keen to find more details because we used to live in one of the houses (in the 70s). Cheers.

    • gm3dmo Says:

      Pete, In the York City Archive (in City Art Gallery) there are a number of artefacts from the time including a map titled “York Baedeker Raid 29 April 1942 Location of HE’s UXB’s etc.” This is a map made at the time of the raid, there are color coded dots to indicate the different types of ordnance in each location. It was used to prioritize disposal operations. Interestingly the map is from about 1934 and shows fields where houses stood in Rawcliffe. There are also a number of ticket stubs which were used to report locations of bombs.

      I live locally and an elderly lady told me that the bomb landed in the road in Scott Street but did not detonate immediately. This gave enough time to evacuate the area and hence no casualties were incurred when it finally exploded. There’s no indication of the size of the bomb but given the number of houses destroyed I’d guess it would be a larger HE one. One day I’ll get back to the archive to dig out some more of the information.

      • Pete Says:

        I will go to the library. By the way, it was number forty and I remember now that the old chap I bought it off had said it was a time bomb. Thanks ever so much for the response.

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